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A Review of Civilian Oversight over Correctional Services in the Last Decade (Research Paper No. 4)
Author: hannes
Published: Nov 11, 2003

The restricted and hidden nature of the prison regime was dramatically apparent in apartheid South Africa, where prisons shunned outside scrutiny and engagement in all correctional matters. The correctional system was an inherent part of the political apparatus that upheld the apartheid state. Prisoners were segregated according to race, and the staff hierarchy echoed similar racial lines. The adoption of the Bill of Rights in firstly the interim and then the final Constitution in 1993 and 1996 finally established the right of prisoners to be treated with human dignity and set out the mandatory minimum rights of people deprived of their liberty and those held in custody. These guideline principles, later amplified in the Correctional Services Act of 1998, seek to define how the Department of Correctional Services (DCS) should implement its correctional mandate in keeping people in custody. Recognising the importance of accountability and oversight mechanisms in respect of public institutions, the Constitution created vehicles for civilian oversight. Mechanisms were also created to focus exclusively on prisons. A decade after this transition, it is timeous to evaluate how these mechanisms are functioning, and to what extent they are serving their envisaged purpose.

CSPRI Newsletter No. 4 - October 2003
Author: hannes
Published: Oct 26, 2003

In this Issue: Draft discussion document towards a Green Paper on Correctional Services in South Africa; Reintegration in South African Corrections

Combating Torture: A Manual for Judges and Prosecutors
Author: Jean
Published: Aug 05, 2003

This manual outlines the duties and responsibilities of judges and prosecutors to prevent and investigate acts of torture, and other forms of ill-treatment, to ensure that those who perpetrate such acts are brought to justice and to provide redress for their victims. It also provides practical advice, drawn from best practice, about how torture can be combated at a procedural level. Although primarily aimed at judges and prosecutors, it can be used as a resource by defence lawyers and others concerned with the prevention and investigation of acts of torture. A well-informed and sensitised legal profession has a vital role to play in eradicating torture and this manual is also aimed at helping its members to fulfil that professional function.

Penal Code of Niger (2003)
Author: Suraj
Published: Jun 13, 2003

Loi N° 2003-025 du 13 Juin 2003 modifiant la loi N° 61-27 du 15 Juillet 1961, portant institution du Code Pénal, Journal Officiel Spécial N° 4 du 7 Avril 2004

Ghana Criminal Procedure Code 1960
Author: Suraj
Published: Jan 13, 2003

As amended by the Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 633) and the Juvenile Justice Act 2003 (Act 653)

Constitution of Togo (1992)
Author: Suraj
Published: Dec 31, 2002

Adopted by Referendum on 27 September 1992. Promulgated on 14 October 1992. Revised by Law no. 2002-029 of 31 December 2002

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