Mozambique

English

Mozambique became independent from Portugal on 25 June 1975 after ten years of a war of independence lead by the marxist Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo). Civil war followed between Frelimo and the Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) from 1977. After Frelimo abandoned marxism in 1989, a peace agreement was reached in 1992. President Joaquim Chissano of Frelimo stepped down in 2004 after 18 years in office. President Armando Emilio Guebuza ruled the country in both terms until 2014. The last presidential elections saw the new FRELIMO candidate Giacinto Filipe Nyussi gain power with 57% of the votes, as confirmed by the Constitutional Court. The new government was sworn in on January 15, 2015.

Mozambique has mixed legal system of Portuguese civil law, Islamic law, and customary law.

Mozambique has a constitution dating from 2004.

The laws of Mozambique are available in Portuguese here.

ACJR has co-operated with the Mozambican Prison Service (SERNAP), the legal aid service (IPAJ), the Centre for Human Rights (CDH) at the University Eduardo Mondlane in Maputo, and REFORMAR, in carrying out research and reform.

French

Le Mozambique a acquit son indépendance du Portugal le 25 Juin 1975, après dix ans de guerre pour l'indépendance, menée par le Front Marxiste pour la Libération du Mozambique (Frelimo). Une guerre civile entre le Frelimo et la Résistance Nationale du Mozambique (Renamo) suivi l’indépendance à partir de 1977. Après que le Frelimo ait abandonné le marxisme en 1989, un accord de paix fut conclu en 1992. Le président Joaquim Chissano du Frelimo démissionna en 2004 après 18 ans au pouvoir. Président Armando Emilio Guebuza a gouverné le pays en deux mandats jusqu'en 2014. La dernière élection présidentielle a vu le nouveau candidat du Frelimo, Giacinto Philip Nyussi puissance de gain avec 57% des suffrages exprimés, comme l'a confirmé 

Le Mozambique possède un système judiciaire mixte de droit civil portugais, de droit islamique et de droit coutumier. La Constitution date de 2004.

Les lois du Mozambique sont disponibles en portugais ici.

L'ACJR a collaboré avec plusieurs institutions étatiques et organisations de la société civile, y compris le Service pénitentiaire mozambicain (SERNAP), le service d'aide juridique (IPAJ), le Centre pour les droits de l'homme (CDH) à l'Université Eduardo Mondlane à Maputo et avec l'organisation REFORMAR afin d'entreprendre des travaux de recherche ayant comme objectif la réforme des politiques publiques et des pratiques. 

 

Portuguese

Moçambique tornou-se independente de Portugal em 25 de Junho 1975, após dez anos de uma guerra de independência liderada pela Frente marxista para a Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO). A guerra entre a FRELIMO e a Resistência Nacional de Moçambique (RENAMO) seguiu a partir de 1977. Após FRELIMO abandonar o marxismo em 1989, chegou-se a um acordo de paz em 1992. O Presidente Joaquim Chissano da Frelimo deixou o poder em 2004, após 18 anos no cargo. O presidente Armando Emilio Guebuza governou o pais nos dois mandatos até 2014. As ultimas eleições presidenciais viram o novo candidato da FRELIMO, Giacinto Filipe Nyussi ganhar o poder com 57% dos votos, como confirmado pelo Tribunal Costitucional. O o novo governo foi empossado aos 15 de Janeiro de 2015.

Moçambique tem um sistema jurídico misto de Direito Português civil, Direito Islâmico, e direito consuetudinário.

O Moçambique tem uma Constituição que data de 2004.

As leis de Moçambique estão disponíveis em Português aqui.

A ACJR colabou com o Serviço Nacional Penitenciário (SERNAP), o Instituto Patrocínio Assistência Juridíca (IPAJ), o Centro de Direitos Humanos (CDH) da Universidade Eduardo Mondlane e a organização REFORMAR, para conduzir pesquisas aplicadas à reformas em justiça criminal e direitos humanos. 

Reformar
Author: Jean
Published: Apr 17, 2016

Reformar (Research for Mozambique) carries out research in criminal justice reform in Mozambique.

Pardons provide temporary relief for overcrowding in Mozambique
Author: Jean
Published: Jan 13, 2016

Around 1000 prisoners were pardoned by the President during his State of the Nation address in December 2015. While these pardons offer temporary relief for the overburdened penitentiary system, implementation of more comprehensive measures, which form part of ongoing legal reform, will be necessary to effect real change.

Muitos problemas que comprometem os direitos dos reclusos em prisão preventiva
Author: Jean
Published: May 01, 2015

Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada em Maputo, em 2012, sobre a prisão preventiva. As condições de reclusão e de acesso à representação legal de um grupo de reclusos que aguardam julgamento são analisados dentro do contexto do sistema penitenciário então em vigor em Moçambique. Enquanto a autora está ciente de que o quadro jurídico-legal do sistema penitenciário avançou nos últimos três anos, a pesquisa mostra que as condições de reclusão e acesso à representação legal de um grupo de pessoas em prisão preventiva em 2012 não respondiam aos princípios internacionais e nacionais que regulavam o sistema penitenciário no país.

Mozambique promulgates new Penal Code
Author: Jean
Published: Dec 31, 2014

Constitutional amendments of 1990 and 2004 meant that the Criminal Code of 1886 no longer was in line with the political, social, cultural and economic reality of Mozambique. This revision of the of Criminal Code is intended to ensure the enjoyment of rights and freedoms of citizens.

Mozambique Pre-trial Detention Audit results launched
Author: Jean
Published: Sep 15, 2014

Results of an audit of pre-trial detention in Mozambique, carried out by Liga Moçambicana dos Direitos Humanos (the Mozambique Human Rights League) and CSPRI at the Community Law Centre of the University of the Western Cape, were presented at a seminar on 11 and 12 September 2014 in Maputo.

US Department of State Human Rights Report: Mozambique 2012
Author: Suraj
Published: Mar 22, 2013

"Excessively long pretrial detention continued to be a serious problem, due in part to an inadequate number of judges and prosecutors and poor communication among authorities. Approximately 37 percent of inmates were in pretrial detention. The LDH reported that in many cases the length of pretrial detention far exceeded the maximum allowed by law."

Condições de vida melhoram na Cadeia Central de Maputo
Author: Karel
Published: Mar 13, 2013

A Cadeia Central de Maputo é a maior prisão em Moçambique. Està superlotada e as condicoes de vida que se observavam num passado recente nao eram as ideais. Durante uma visita à prisão a 12 de Fevereiro de 2013 feita pela Liga dos Direitos Humanos e a Organização da Sociedade Civil sobre a Iniciativa de Reformas Prisionais (Civil Society Prison Reform Initiative, CSPRI), foi evidente que, embora a prisão ainda abriga mais do que o número para o qual foi concebida, os recentes avanços têm melhorado a situação.

Liga Moçambicana dos Direitos Humanos (LDH)
Author: Jean
Published: Dec 19, 2012

The Mozambique Human Rights League promotes and defends human rights in Mozambique. LDH is a socio-humanitarian, non-governmental, non-profit organisation that aims to defend and promote the fundamental human rights

US Department of State Human Rights Report Mozambique 2011
Author: Jean
Published: Mar 26, 2012

"By law the maximum length of investigative detention without a warrant is 48 hours, during which time a detainee has the right to judicial review of the case. The individual may be detained another 90 days while the PIC continues its investigation. When a person is accused of a crime carrying a sentence of more than eight years, the individual may be detained up to an additional 84 days without being charged formally. With court approval, such detainees may be held for two more periods of 84 days each without charge while the police complete their investigation. The law provides that when the prescribed period for investigation has been completed and if no charges have been brought, the detainee must be released. .... Excessively long pretrial detention continued to be a serious problem, due in part to an inadequate number of judges and prosecutors and poor communication among authorities. Approximately 35 percent of inmates were in pretrial detention. The LDH reported in many cases authorities held inmates far beyond the maximum allowed under law before their trials began and that in the city and Province of Maputo alone in the first half of September there were 532 detainees that were being held beyond the legal limit."

'Mozambique needs more judges'
Author: Jean
Published: Mar 15, 2012

The President of Mozambique's Supreme Court, Ozias Pondja, on 13 March 2012 said that the country needs to train more judges, since the 293 who currently exist are insufficient to meet the growing pressure on the courts.

'I can't believe in justice anymore': Obstacles to justice for unlawful killings by police in Mozambique
Author: Jean
Published: Oct 08, 2009

This report renews Amnesty International’s call on the Mozambican authorities to ensure that there are thorough, prompt and impartial investigations into all cases of use of force by the police resulting in death; that the officers responsible for unlawful killings are brought to justice in fair trials; and that families of those killed receive adequate reparation. It highlights the obstacles to accessing justice for families of victims of unlawful killings by the police and calls on the authorities to remove these obstacles.

LEI DE BASES DA ORGANIZAÇÃO JUDICIÁRIA
Author: Suraj
Published: Jul 08, 2009

elaboração da presente proposta de Lei de Bases da Organização Judiciária é o resultado de um longo trabalho de investigação e de reflexão, com a participação de uma pluralidade de actores do sistema de justiça e da comunidade na elaboração do diagnóstico dos problemas e das propostas de solução

Mozambique: Justice Sector and the Rule of Law
Author: Jean
Published: Jun 01, 2006

This Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP) report published by the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) in 2006 is a comprehensive report on the Mozambican legal system.

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